Bulgaria is a beautiful country in Southern Europe, with around 7 million inhabitants. On it’s territory, one can find many amazing landscapes, welcoming people and great food. And I know food. That and the relatively cheaper prices compared to the rest of Europe, make Bulgaria a perfect destination for tourists. One of the most mesmerizing landscapes found in Bulgaria is the Belogradchik Rocks.
About the Belogradchik Rocks
The Belogradchik Rocks are a formation of unusual shaped rocks that spread over an area of 50 km2. They are found in the western part of the Balkans. There are five main groups of rocks in total, but the central group is also the most famous, the one closest to the town of Belogradchik.
The rocks can reach up to 200 meters, and vary in shape and color, mostly yellow and red tints. They are mostly sandstone and conglomerate formations.
The rocks have unusual shapes, and some of them resemble people or objects. For that reason, many myths are associated with them. To be fair, it is an eerie landscape, so it’s easy to associate the rock formations with legends and fairy-tales.
The formation of the rocks started over 230 million years ago. So this natural wonder is a result of hundreds of years of erosion and other natural processes that shaped the rocks into what we can see today.
The Belogradchik Fortress
Around the central rock formation, near Belogradchick, you can also find the Belogradchik Fortress, or Kaleto.
The Fortress was build during the time the region was part of the Roman Empire. Initially it served just as an observation point, but during the 14th century it was fortified further by Ivan Stratsimir, the tsar of Vidin. Kaleto became one of the main strongholds in the region, second after Baba Vida, the tsars main fortress in Vidin.
Some of the rock formations around the fortress can reach up to 70m, providing a natural level of fortifications. In addition to that, the fortress has 2m thick walls and a 12m tall foundation.
Further changes were made to the fortress in the 19th century, when Bulgaria was under the Ottoman rule.
Belogradchik is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the region, and you can see why. It’s a place full of history and legend, in the middle of one of the most amazing natural landscapes in Europe.
If you’re ever planning a trip in the area, you’re in luck! You can use the Nature in hand.eu app (available for both Android and iOS) to find more destinations such as Belogradchik around Bulgaria and Romania.